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+ Capital: Vientiane

+ Area: 236.800 km2.

Carte laos

+ Population: 6.41 million (2008 estimate)

+ Language: Lao (official), French, English and Vietnamese

+ Religion: Buddhism

+ Climate: Rainy season from May to October, with tropical monsoon in July-August. Dry season from November to April
+ Local Time: GMT +7
+ Currency: Kip (Lao kip) | | $ 1 = 8000 Kip (in July 2011).
+ Change: Banks, offices and hotels decorated. Credit Cards and Traveller's checks are widely accepted. U.S. dollars in small bills very useful.
Thai baht and are universally accepted
+ Hours: Office hours: 8h00-12h00 and 13h00-17h00, Monday to Friday.

+ Electricity: 220V, 50Hz. Two-pin plugs are used flat or round
+ Passport: Passport with a validity generally at least six months remaining required
+ Visa: Practically mandatory. Counting in 30 USD fees payable in U.S. currency.
+ Types of Visa and Cost: On arrival: Please allow 20 to U.S. $ 50 (usually 30). Visit, business and transit: about $ 50 U.S..
Validity: All visas are issued for single entry and must be used within two months of the date of issue.
Applications to: Consulate (or consular section at embassy) or an officially recognized tour operator. A visa valid for Laos can also be obtained from travel agencies in Bangkok (Thailand) or arrival at the border.
+ Border Checkpoints
+ China - Laos
- Mohan - Botene, Yunnan to Luang Namtha province
- Xiangkok Riverport on the Mekong River in Luang Namtha Province (No visa on arrival available.)
+ Thailand - Laos
- Chiangkhong - Houixay, Chiang Rai Province Bokeo
- Nakaxeng - Kaenthao, Loei Province in Sayabouly
Friendship Bridge, Vientiane (from 6:00 to 10:00 p.m.) - Nong Khai
- Bungkan - Paksanh, Nongkhai province-Bolikhamxai
- Nakorn Phnom - Thakhek, Khammouane province
- Mukdahan - Savannakhet province Savannah
- Chongmek - Vangtao, in Ubon Ratchathani province of Champasak
+ Vietnam - Laos
- Taichang - Sobhun, Laichau Phongsaly Province (no visa on arrival available.)
- Nameo - Banleui, Thanh Hoa - Huaphanh province
- Namkan - NamKan, Nge An - Xiengkhouang province
- Keoneua-Nampao (Lak Sao) Hatinh-Borikhamxai province
- Napao - Chalo, Quangbinh - Khammouane Province
- Laobao - Dansavanh, Quang Tri - Savannakhet Province
- Phoukua - Y-Bo (Bo-ee), Attapeu-Kontum province
+ Health
Vaccinations
Diphtheria: YES
Hepatitis A: YES
Malaria: YES *
Rage: SOMETIMES
Tetanus: YES
Typhoid: YES
Yellow fever: NO **
These regulations can change at short notice. It is anyway necessary to consult a doctor if in doubt. According to season and region you visit, or it will not need to take precautions drug. And do not hesitate to ask us the question.
+ Food and Drink
All water should be considered potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilized. Milk is pasteurized and should be boiled. Powdered milk or canned is available and is advised. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from non-boiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.