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CambodiaCarteCambodge

Name of country

- Kingdom of Cambodia

 

Country telephone code: 855

 

Money  Riels (KHR)

 

Independence

From France, 9 Nov 1953

 

 

Capital: Phnom Penh

 

 

Phnom Penh
The town is built at the intersection of "four rivers": the Tonle Sap, the upper arm of the Mekong, the Bassac and the lower arm of the Mekong. Hence its old name of Krong Chaktomuk meaning "the city with four faces."


The town takes its name from Wat Phnom Daun Penh (known now only as Wat Phnom, or "Temple Hill"), religious building constructed in 1373 to house five statues of Buddha on a mound 27 meters high. Daun Penh ("Grandmother Penh") was a wealthy widow who had built.
The city became the capital of Cambodia after Ponhea Yat, king of the Khmer Empire, Angkor Thom fled when the city was captured by Siam in 1431. A stupa behind Wat Phnom houses the remains of Ponhea Yat and the royal family. There are also remains of Buddhist statues from the Angkor era. To date, 1.3 million live Phnom Penh on the 290 sq km of territory of the municipality.

 

Habitants : Khmers

 

Languages

Khmer (Cambodian sometimes called) is the language of clear majority (85%). Vietnamese, Chinese and Cham ​​are the only important minority languages. Among the foreign languages, French is spoken by about 7500 people, the English, by 5% of the population

 

Religion

The majority of Cambodians are Buddhists (89% of the population). The country's Cham Muslim community and some hill tribes and a Christian community

 

Geography

181 035 sq. km (including 2.5% water) Density: 69 inhab. / Km ² Land boundaries: 2,572 km (Vietnam 1228 km, Thailand 803 km, Laos 541 km) Coastline: 443 km
Elevation: 0 m> m + 1813 (Phnom Aoral)

 

Population 

14,494,293 inhabitants (2009 figures)
Majority group: Khmer (85.4%)
Minority groups: Vietnamese (7.4%), cham (3.5%), Chinese (3.2%), Kui (0.2%), Mnong (0.2%), Tampuan (0.2%) , Laos (0.2%), Jarai (0.1%), kru'ng (0.1%), Malay (0.1%), Thai (0.1%), chong (0.1%) , etc.

 

Rivers and lakes

Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (Khmer: Tonle Thom [Grand River]) and the Tonle Sap [Fresh Water River]. Geography at low altitudes because the country is largely at or below the level of the rivers. In the rainy season, the Mekong flow reverses and flows into the Tonle Sap Lake which greatly increases its surface area.

 

Climate

 

Cambodia is under the influence of a tropical climate "alternating seasons", with:
• a hot (above 40 ° C in April) and high rainfall (80% of annual precipitation) from May to November. winds dominate the South West this season and carry a significant moisture-generating heavy rains. At the heart of the rainy season, the visitor will be surprised by the ad hoc nature of precipitation. In general it does not rain during the morning. By the end of the afternoon is punctuated with showers characterized by their brevity and violence. For a few tens of minutes the atmosphere becomes literally water. Generally, one hour after the last drop of rain, the soil has already absorbed all the puddles and dust came back pinned to the ground, more sticky than ever. September and October will be particularly watered. Flooding in full swing, the inter-provincial transportation are more difficult, bridges and roads may disappear under water.


• a dry season between December and April. Suddenly in mid-November and the showers disappear in a few days the sky clears, the rainy season is over. The waters flow back to the Mekong, the soil is saturated with water and lush vegetation. For two months, November to December, the Kingdom is experiencing a climate that can be described as Mediterranean. The tourist season in full swing. During this period the prevailing winds from the northeast provide some freshness.