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Myanmar (or Burma) is the only country in Southeast Asia that can boast the diversity in geographical structures:

Mountains and glaciers to the north, semi-desert region in the center, and tropical rain forests that descend to reach the white sand beaches bordering the Andaman Sea. Myanmar covers an area of 677000km2 is larger than France. It stretches over 936 km from east to west and more than 2051 km from north to south. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to the northwest and China to the northeast. Laos and Thailand is located in the southeast and the Bay of Bengal to the south and west. The land is irrigated by Ayeyarwaddy, the principal and longest river that originates in the Himalayas and flows into the Andaman Sea. It crosses the country from north to south and is divided into 8 arms before reaching the sea, forming a fertile delta of 33670km2. Burma is divided into four natural geographic regions. These are


1. Mountains regions
2. T
he two coastal strips (the strip of Arakan and Tenasserim to the west in the South)

3. Valley Ayeyarwaddy
4. The delta d’Ayeyarwaddy


The time difference with Europe is +4:30 +5:30 in summer and winter respectively.


How to get there: There is no direct flights between Europe, America, Australia to Yangon. There must be at least one stopover. 


Climate: Most of Burma is in a tropical zone. It has three seasons: monsoon, the cold season and dry season. The monsoon begins in mid-May and ends in late October. Precipitation is very abundant on the coast of Arakan and Taninnthayi and in the northern mountains. But there is very little rain in the center of the country as to Bagan and Mandalay. The cool season begins in early November and ends in late February, is the most pleasant season to visit the country. The temperature is very pleasant with bright and sunny days and cooler nights. In the mountains, it can get very cold after the sunset. The hot season is from March to mid-May. During this season, the temperature rises day after day before the arrival of rain. It can reach 43 degrees in the driest areas as in Bagan and Mandalay.

Flora and fauna: The country has a large number of forests rich in various species of trees and many tropical fruits like mangoes, jackfruit, mangosteen, bananas, papayas and tangerines which are found in abundance. The famous teak is grown and is also found in the wild in the monsoon forests. In the forests of Burma, there are elephants, tigers, rhinos, monkeys, hares, wild cats, wild pigs, snakes. It boasts as many as 150 species of birds.

People and Ethnicities: Burma is made up of 135 ethnic minorities whose principal ones are the Kachin, Kayar, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. There are about 60 million inhabitants and 70% of them are Burmese. The people of Burma belong to the Mongoloid group and come from three main branches: the Tibeto-Burman, the Mon-Khmer and Thai-Chinese.

Language and Writing: The national language is Burmese. It is a language similar to Tibetan who sounds very monotonous. The Burmese alphabet is derived from the Hindu alphabet that has existed since the sixth century BC. In the Burmese alphabet, there are 33 consonants and 12 vowels. The consonants surrounding the vowels to become words.

Currency: The local currency is called "Kyat". The biggest note is worth 5000 kyat, followed by notes of 1000, 500 200.100, 50.

Economy: The country's natural resources are very impressive. Tropical timber (such as teak and ironwood), gemstones (ruby, sapphire, jade, spinel, topaz) gold, silver, minerals (coal, lead, tungsten, copper and uranium) are abundant . Burma is also the eighth largest producer of gas. Burma is essentially an agricultural country, 64% of the cultivated land. The main income of the State comes from agriculture, fishing, gas, oil and minerals. Individual income is very low. The bulk of the population as small vendors or drivers of pedicabs earn $5 to $10 per day. The middle class earns $10 to $20 per day. Intellectuals and traders are making a much better living.

Capital: The administrative capital Nay Pyi Daw is since 2006. The largest city is Yangon with population about 6.7 million. Mandalay is the second largest city with about one and a half million inhabitants. It is also the commercial center of northern countries.

Electricity: The electric current is 220 volts but it is not stable and power cuts are frequent. In some villages in the countryside, there is no electricity. They are illuminated with batteries, oil lamps or candles. In general, hotels are equipped with generators.

Food: People normally eat three meals a day but the Burmese love to nibble. That's why you'll find them eating in small cafes and tea houses throughout the day. The Burmese drink tea with condensed milk. Fish soup with pasta (Mohingha) and coconut milk soup with noodles dishes are served for breakfast. The staple food is rice and curry is eaten with meat and mixed vegetables. The curry is made with onion, garlic and tomatoes. The most consumed meats are chicken and pork, fish and shrimp feed supplement this. The pellets of palm sugar and tea salad with peanuts and sesame seeds are eaten as a dessert. In markets there are plenty of fruits and various vegetables in abundance.

The dollars that you take must be new. The Burmese are very sensitive to dollar bills and even slightly damaged, such as little line of folds, a dot of ink, etc. ... will not be accepted, which is a fairly common problem.

Your mobile phone does not work in Burma. Calls for Europe will be taxed at your hotel and very expensive, about 7 or 8 U.S. $ per minute and can be interrupted frequently.

Internet works in almost all hotels. Some hotels offer this service for free and others charge about U.S. $3 an hour. You can also easily find Internet cafes in major cities but not elsewhere in the country. The connection works better in Internet cafes than in hotels and in principle, is less expensive. You can call in Europe through an Internet connection but often the communication is interrupted.