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The great philosophies and religions in the world have shaped the spiritual life of Vietnamese as Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity and Protestantism ...Over the centuries, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism were mixed with popular beliefs and Chinese the former Vietnamese animism to form triple religion (Tam Giao). Confucianism, which is better system of social morality and political religion that took religious aspects. Taoism, a philosophy originally esoteric scholars, was mixed with Buddhism, popular with farmers. Many Taoist elements have become components of popular religion.

Ancestor worship

Ancestor worship is based on the belief that the deceased's soul survives after death and protects its descendants. In Vietnam, ancestor worship is a ritual expression of filial piety. For this reason we find in all Vietnamese families an altar for the worship of ancestors.


The Vietnamese custom to worship regularly and to honor the spirits of their ancestors, the first and fifteenth days of the lunar month and holidays, especially on the anniversary of their death. On these occasions, they offer the offerings and pray to ask for health, happiness and prosperity. They also inform their ancestors, the joys and sorrows of family, marriage, the competition successes of their children ...



region clip image002Buddhism does not become official state religion until 969 when that philosophy is a character of popular belief, according to Buddhism, all human miseries are born of ignorance, which leads us inevitably todisillusioned, the Ignorance is the root of the passion and the thirst for enjoyments which are the sources of pain. So to remove the pain, it is necessary to destroy ignorance, desire and passion. every human being has to purify his soul and body, reach the perfection of morality by following the path of virtue, wisdom and contemplation.


The Buddhist canonical books:

After Buddha's death, his disciples gather lessons in three books (42 chapters) later known as the TRIPIKATA:

1. Sutra deals with ethics.

2. Establishes Vinaya discipline.

3. Abhidharma explains in detail the lessons learned from five bans prohibit discipline: murder, theft, lust, intense talk, consumption of meat and alcohol.




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Confucianism is founded by Confucius (551-479 BC), considered philosophy scholars. Introduced into the Red River Delta (Northern Vietnam) by two periods of Chinese rule:


The first Chinese invasion: to the third century BC until the 968, the Vietnamese are able to go to China of high academic major, then the first period of independence (939-1404) does not deny the Chinese culture. In that time, the Temple of Literature was built in Hanoi in 1070 and the triennial literary contests are created from 1076, were reorganized in 1232 and 1374. 


The second Chinese invasion: ( from 1,405 to 1,427) has the unexpected results  of the study recesses characters. Indeed, the most remarkable Vietnamese books are kept in the libraries of the Tran Dynasty, is being collected and  transported in the Ming empire...



If the goal of Buddhism is the issue of suffering, the goal of Taoism is eternal life, he preached the worship of all, of being that encompasses both heaven, earth and stars. What we can compare this life? At a drop of water that forms and disappears ... the method by which to understand the Taoist wisdom is "no action". its philosophical principles are often reserved for intellectuals  because next to books on doctrine and rituals, there are also medical textbooks, maintenance of the vital breath, divination, horoscope, geomancy and other literary ...


The people most need to believe in another world to find his salvation, this allows the Taoism to become a way to reach heaven and be preserved by the immortal geniuses while fighting death. For these aspects, Taoism is close to many popular Vietnamese cults with which it mixes, including the worship of spirits or Vi Chu of three worlds (Heaven, Earth and Water).