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Viet Nam is a Socialist Republic country. Only one party is allowed, the Vietnamese Communist Party that controls all the country's political institutions. The supreme organ of state is the Vietnamese National Assembly which is re-elected every five years. It is elected by indirect universal suffrage by all Vietnamese over the age of 18. vietnamvert  image002

 

 

In addition, Members of the National Assembly elect the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister and his Government. They are the second and third leaders of the state. Indeed, in Vietnam, the first leader of the state is the Secretary General of Vietnamese Communist Party.

 

The Central Committee also holds considerable power. One can not become a Minister or President of the provincial People's Committee, for example, without first being elected as a member of the Central Committee.

 

The Politburo is the highest organ of the Party, it brings together, among others, the Party General Secretary, the President of the Republic, the President of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister and Minister of Defence.

 

The Constitution does not recognize the separation of powers in accordance with the socialist doctrine which advocates a centralized and united state.